Apulia (Puglia) is a strip of land surrounded by the Ionian Sea and the Adriatic Sea and is the easternmost region of Italy. The beautiful landscape of this region sees the alternation of sandy and rocky coasts. It also consists predominantly of plains and there are a few hilly areas. The expanses of olive trees, together with the crystal clear water of the sea, are the quintessential panorama of Puglia, which is the main producer of olive oil in Europe. There are over fifty million olive trees, many of them are over three hundred years old. Vineyards, fig and almond trees are also a common sight. The “Macchia Mediterranea”, one of the main Mediterranean ecosystems, spreads widely throughout the country. Puglia has also a great value of biodiversity.